Bourne Primary School


Our Curriculum

Curriculum Intent Statement

At Bourne Primary School, the curriculum is designed to: recognise children’s prior learning, provide first hand learning experiences, allow the children to develop interpersonal skills, build resilience and become creative, critical thinkers.

Every child is recognised as a unique individual. We believe in inspiring and empowering our children and celebrating differences within our school; making Bourne an inclusive and creative learning community.

The ability to learn is underpinned by the teaching of basic skills, knowledge, concepts and values. We consistently provide enhanced opportunities to engage in themed learning and we believe that childhood should be a happy, investigative and enquiring time in our lives, where there are no limits to curiosity and there is a thirst for new experiences and knowledge. Therefore, educational visits, immersion days, physical activity and outdoor learning are at the heart of our thematic, enriched curriculum. We believe these first hand experiences equip our children with lifelong memories that enhance and embed their learning.

Parental and community involvement is an essential part of our curriculum. We endeavour to educate the children and school community to create a culture of positive well-being and mental health. Children leave the school with enquiring minds and embedded life skills. They are secondary ready and have the confidence to take risks, be evaluative and become life-long learners.

Early Years Foundation Stage

At Bourne School we have been working hard to develop our provision in the Early Years and Foundation stage. Our Nursery and Reception classes are bright and lively environments where children make progress in their learning through a balance of self initiated play and adult led activities. Children have free-flow access to both indoor and outdoor provision.

The Key Stage 1 and 2 Curriculum

In Years 1, 2 and 3 we continue the implementation of an ‘integrated day’, which aids transition from the Early Years and feeds into the cross curricular approach we take when implementing the National Curriculum.

At Bourne we are constantly developing our provision to meet the needs of our pupils. Children here experience a fun and innovative curriculum where areas of learning are taught via different ‘topics’. Teachers creatively link subjects together to build exciting units of work and plan activities to challenge and motivate their pupils.

A full broad and balanced curriculum is on offer here, with P.E. and Sport being a particular strength of the school. We ensure that statutory curriculum requirements are adhered to, but each teacher has the freedom to take their own approach as to how best to deliver their lessons, ensuring optimum learning and progress for their cohort of pupils. This means the school is constantly buzzing with fresh ideas and enthusiasm as the excellent team of teaching staff work effectively together, while pupils proactively engage with their learning.

Pupils are encouraged to develop Learning Skills as they progress through the school. The 6 Learning Skills are: Commitment, Creativity, Independence, Reflection, Enquiry and Co-operation. Please refer to the separate section for more detail on these Learning Skills.

What subjects are taught at Bourne School?

Children at Bourne will learn about the following subjects:


This subject is divided into the following areas of learning:

  • Spoken Language
  • Word Reading, including Phonics
  • Reading – Comprehension
  • Writing – Transcription, including spelling and handwriting
  • Writing – Composition
  • Writing – Vocabulary, Grammar and Punctuation.

Studying English gives children the ability to express themselves creatively and imaginatively and to communicate with others effectively. English forms the basis of many topics as so many other subjects can be explored through drama, reading (both fiction and non-fiction) and writing for different purposes.

You can find a link to our handwriting guidelines here

Phonics Information:

Bourne School uses the Letters and Sounds guidelines to support and plan the teaching of phonics. Phonics is taught every day from Nursery to Year 2. It is also taught in Key Stage 2 for children who need additional support with reading and writing. We follow the guidelines set out in Letters and Sounds and complement this with the Jolly Phonics Scheme and Phonics Play website.

Nursery – Children begin in Nursery with pre-phonics activities. These come from Letters and Sounds Phase 1 and help to develop their auditory discrimination. They discriminate between different sounds in the environment, in nature and in music. Once they are able to hear sounds in words, they begin phonics activities from Phase 2.

Reception – Children in Reception work through Phase 2 and 3 from Letters and Sounds using the Jolly Phonics songs and actions to support their learning. Through daily carpet sessions, they learn all the sounds that letters make as well as being introduced to the sounds that combinations of letters make when put together. These are called digraphs (where two letters make one sound such as ‘ea’; ‘th’; ‘sh’) and trigraphs (where three letters make one sound, for example ‘igh’, as in ‘high’; ‘’ure’ as in ‘pure’; and ‘dge’ as in ‘hedge’).

The structure of the lessons is the same every day. They start with consolidating previous learning, learning new sounds then using what they have learnt by reading and writing words with these sounds.

Year 1 – Phonics activities in Year 1 follow the same structure as in Reception. They begin with Phase 4 Letters and Sounds which consolidates much of Phase 3 and puts the learning into context; children use what they have learnt to read whole texts and write sentences. Phase 5 then works through all the remaining digraphs and trigraphs in the English language. Children are taught to decode words including pseudo words which may have unusual combinations of sounds together. In the Summer Term, they sit the Year 1 Phonics Check.

Year 2 – Phonics lessons in Year 2 focus on consolidating previous learning as well as teaching correct spelling rules and patterns.


This subject is divided into the following areas of learning:

  • Number and place value, including algebra
  • Number – Calculation (addition, subtraction, multiplication and division)
  • Number – fractions, decimals and percentages, including ratio and proportion
  • Measurement
  • Geometry – properties of shapes
  • Geometry – position and direction
  • Statistics

Learning Mathematics equips pupils with significant skills and thought processes that will enhance their everyday life. We have adopted a .mastery approach’ to teaching Maths, which embeds and secures the pupils’ understanding before they move on to new learning.

Children and adults can find maths difficult because it is abstract. This approach helps children learn new ideas and build on their existing knowledge by introducing abstract concepts in a more familiar and tangible way. This approach encourages all the children, right up to year six, to use practical apparatus (also known as ‘manipulatives’). Once they have explored a concept in a concrete way, with the manipulatives, they can move on to representing it pictorially. It is then a much easier step to move onto the recording of the abstract mathematical ideas. This is known as CPA – Concrete > Pictorial > Abstract.

At Bourne, we stress to the children how important it is to have a good grasp of their times tables. We operate a system of timed, levelled challenges with certificates for each level passed.


This subject is divided into the following sections:

  • Working scientifically
  • Biology (plants, animals including humans, habitats, life cycles and evolution and inheritance)
  • Chemistry (the properties of materials, the states of matter)
  • Physics (light, sound, forces and magnets, electricity)
  • The Earth and space

Science is a great subject to incite curiosity and to encourage children to develop enquiring minds. Pupils gain knowledge to answer questions about the world around them, but also are inspired to extend their knowledge through further enquiry.


This is a rapidly changing subject as technology develops at such a fast pace. Our ICT team work hard to keep our curriculum relevant and up to date. We have a number of laptop trolleys in the school so children are able to use computers to enhance their learning across the curriculum. Children are also taught explicit skills in ICT for example using digital media or controlling devices.


Through this subject pupils examine the natural and human worlds. They develop their knowledge of places and environments throughout the world and encounter different societies and cultures.


In History children learn about past societies and consider how the past influences the present. They build a chronological framework based around significant events and people. Pupils gain an understanding of people and their experiences, which can influence their personal choices, attitudes and values.

Design & Technology

Through Design & Technology pupils are encouraged to solve problems creatively. They combine practical skills with an understanding of specific requirements for a product. It is a subject where children learn how and why things work and have a chance to use that knowledge to create something new.


As they progress through the school, children develop their artistic skills in drawing, painting, 3D, textiles, printing, collage and ICT. Art is a subject that lends itself well to topic-based learning and so frequently you see other subjects ‘come to life’ through art.

Religious Education

At Bourne, we teach the agreed East Sussex syllabus for Religious Education where different religions are explored through key themes such as ‘Symbols’ or ‘Celebrations’.

PSHE & Citizenship

PSHE (Personal, Social and Health Education) and Citizenship help to give pupils the knowledge, skills and understanding they need to lead confident, healthy, independent lives and to become informed, active, responsible citizens. This area of learning permeates the everyday life of Bourne School, where we are constantly working to develop pupils for lives as purposeful adults.

Modern Foreign Languages

The Modern Foreign Language taught at Bourne is Spanish. These lessons are delivered by the class teacher with the support of some of our Spanish speaking children. The children enjoy learning basic Spanish vocabulary and being able to converse about various topics. It is taught in a fun, interactive way using music and songs, games and challenges to engage pupils.

Physical Education

Bourne School has a multi-purpose outdoor pitch that classes use for their outdoor PE sessions. Indoor PE lessons (gymnastics and dance) take place in the main hall and in the gym. At Bourne we are keen to encourage a healthy lifestyle and children are made aware of the vital importance of being active. PE also provides a great opportunity for pupils to build up their teamwork skills.


Music is an important part of our curriculum. Lessons are delivered by Mrs Honisett, our Higher Level Teaching Assistant. Children learn to play various pitched and unpitched instruments, including ukuleles, as well as to sing; to compose pieces of music; and to appreciate different styles of music from different historical eras.

Take a look at our topic plans to see whateach year group will be learning this year: